Outcomes of the 15th ASEAN-Japan Cybersecurity Policy Meeting6 October 2022
Cybersecurity 2022(Overview)17 June 2022
The Cybersecurity Policy for Critical Infrastructure Protection was decided by the Cybersecurity Strategic Headquarters. (Full text)17 June 2022
The Cybersecurity Strategic Headquarters was established under the Cabinet in November, 2014 for the purpose of effectively and comprehensively promoting cybersecurity policies. The Cybersecurity Strategic Headquarters is headed by the Chief Cabinet Secretary, with his deputy - the Minister in charge of Cybersecurity - and composed of the Chairman of the National Public Safety Commission, the other relevant Ministers and knowledgeable experts from academia and business sectors.
National center of Incident readiness and Strategy for Cybersecurity, “NISC” has been established since 2015 which was formerly called National Information Security Center since 2005, under the same abbreviation “NISC”, as a secretariat of the Cybersecurity Strategy Headquarters, working together with the public and private sectors on a variety of activities to create a "free, fair and secure cyberspace". NISC plays its leading role as a focal point in coordinating intra-government collaboration and promoting partnerships between industry, academia, and public and private sectors.
NISC coordinates cybersecurity policy by formulating
- Cybersecurity Strategy
- Cybersecurity Policy for Critical Infrastructure Protection
- Common Standard on Information Security Measures of Government Entities
- Cybersecurity Human Resource Development Plan
- Cybersecurity Research and Development Strategy etc.
NISC takes a role of a governmental CERT, and NISC and JPCERT/CC, as a CERT covering private entities, work together as a national CERT.
NISC consists of the following seven groups. The main activities are as follows.
The current Cybersecurity Strategy issued in September 2021 is the third one under the Basic Act on Cybersecurity. The Cybersecurity Strategy shows a basic position on cybersecurity policy, its objectives and its implementation for 3 years domestically and internationally. Overview of the Cybersecurity Strategy is as below.
Cybersecurity strategy (Booklet)download
The Basic Act on Cybersecurity
The Basic Act on Cybersecurity has been implemented since 2015 to promote the cybersecurity policy by
- setting basic principles of cybersecurity policy
- clarifying the responsibilities of the government, private entities, and citizens
- stipulating the framework for cybersecurity policy such as the cybersecurity strategy formulation and the establishment of the Cybersecurity Strategic Headquaters.
NISC has set the Common Standards on Information Security Measures of Government Entities to raise the level of information security for all governmental agencies and related agencies, as the baseline standard. Based on the standard, NISC oversees the status of implementation of it across agencies by audits.
NISC operates real-time government-wide monitoring team called the Government Security Operation Coordination team (GSOC). GSOC not only monitors malicious communications incoming to or outgoing from government owned systems but also works as information sharing framework among governmental entities. GSOC provides alerts and advice for the governmental entities when they detect suspicious signals or malware.
Since 2005, the ‘Cybersecurity Policy for Critical Infrastructure Protection’ has been set as a common action plan shared between
the government, which bears responsibility for promoting independent measures by CI operators relating to CI cybersecurity and implementing other
necessary measures, and CI operators which independently carry out relevant protective measures, and the new edition was published in 2022.
This document identifies the 14 sectors as critical infrastructure and it expects stakeholders to undertake the five measures as below.
- Enhancement of Incident Response Capability
- Maintenance and Promotion of the Safety Principles
- Enhancement of Information Sharing System
- Utilization of Risk Management
- Enhancement of the Basis for CIP
- The Cybersecurity Policy for Critical Infrastructure Protection
- Full Text
- Guideline for Establishing Safety Principles for Ensuring Information Security of Critical Infrastructure(5th Edition)(Revised on May 2019)
- Risk Assessment Guide Based on the Concept of Mission Assurance in Critical Infrastructure (1st Edition)(Revised on May 2019)
ASEAN-Japan Cybersecurity Policy Meeting has been established since 2009 with the aim to promote and strengthen cybersecyruty cooperation and collaboration between ASEAN Member States and Japan. The area of collaboration includes cyber exercise, awareness raising, capacity building and so on. A part of the outcome of the activity is shown as below.
Enhancement of Information Sharing
In order to enhance the information sharing among relevant stakeholders in public and private sector, with the amendment of the Basic Act on Cybersecurity, the Cybersecurity Council was newly established in April 2019, composed of national government bodies, critical infrastructure operators, security vendors, and other related organizations. The amended Act imposes the obligation of confidentiality on the members of the Council and so on to encourage the willingness of information sharing.
General Framework for Secure IoT Systems
NISC has set the ‘General Framework for Secure IoT Systems’ in 2016 which clarifies the fundamental and essential security requirements for secure IoT systems.
- General Framework for Secure IoT Systems
- General Framework for Secure IoT Systems
The Previous version of key documents such as Cybersecurity Strategy is shown in the link below.